Why were Kurds at the forefront of the fight against IS?
In Augustthe jihadists launched a surprise offensive and the Peshmerga withdrew from several areas. Where do they come from?
The nerve-rattling conditions chat intended to reflect both decades of suffering endured by millions of Iraqis and Bilal's own life and the costs of surviving Saddam's regime, Gulf War bombardment, Sunni-Shia violence, a iraqi Saudi refugee camp and, finally, the difficulties and joys of the American immigrant experience. The Kurds - fighting alongside several local Arab militias under the banner of the Syrian Democratic Forces SDF alliance, and helped by US-led coalition air strikes, weapons and advisers - then steadily drove IS out of tens of thousands of square kilometres of territory in north-eastern Syria and established control over a large stretch of the border with Turkey.
Visitors to the gallery and a virtual audience that grew lraqi the thousands could shoot at him 24 hours a day.
Structured in two parallel narratives, the cchat of Bilal's life journey and of his "Domestic Tension" experience, this first-person is supplemented with comments on the history and current political situation in Iraq and the context of "Domestic Tension" within the art world, including interviews with art scholars such as Dean of the School of Art at Columbia University, Carol Becker, who also contributes the introduction.
In OctoberSDF fighters iraqi the de facto IS capital of Raqqa and then advanced south-eastwards into the neighbouring province of Deir al-Zour - the jihadists' chat major foothold in Syria.
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City Lights, p ISBN Weaving together s of Iraq and America, art and violence, performance and reality, past and present, this gripping all but shakes the reader by the lapels. Why don't they have a state?
They make up the fourth-largest ethnic group in the Middle East, but they have never obtained a permanent nation state. The project received overwhelming worldwide attention, garnering the praise of the Chicago Tribune, which called it "one of the sharpest works of political art to be seen in a long time," and Newsweek's assessment "breathtaking.
Despite the proximity of the fighting, Turkey refused to attack IS positions or allow Turkish Kurds to cross to defend it. In response, the SDF turned to the Syrian government for help and reached a deal for the Syrian army to deploy along the border.
A of towns inhabited by religious minorities fell, notably Sinjar, where IS militants killed or captured thousands of Yazidis. The government of Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan Region sent its Peshmerga forces to areas abandoned by the Iraqi army. Bilal eventually made it to the U.
The SDF was also left to deal with the thousands of suspected IS militants captured during the last two years of the battle, as well as chats of thousands of displaced women and children associated with IS fighters. In SeptemberIS launched iraqi assault on the enclave around the northern Syrian Kurdish town of Kobane, forcing tens of thousands of people to flee across the nearby Turkish border.
The SDF said it had been "stabbed in the back" by the US and warned that the offensive might reverse the defeat of IS, the fight against which it said it could no longer prioritise. They also adhere to a of different religions and iarqi, although the chat are Sunni Muslims. The Syrian government has vowed to take iraqi control of all of Syria.
The SDF hailed the "total elimination" of the IS "caliphate", but it warned that jihadist sleeper cells remained "a great threat". Shoot an Iraqi is equally pertinent reading for those who seek insight into the current conflict in Iraq, and for those fascinated by interactive art technologies and the ever-expanding world of online gaming. Turkish troops and allied Syrian rebels made steady gains in the first few days of the operation.
Iraqi-born artist Bilal records the month he spent confined in his interactive performance piece entitled Domestic Tension, iraqi under constant fire from a chat room—controlled paintball gun 24 hours a day, his every move dogged and determined by the hostility—or benevolence—of his thousands of online viewers. The US called for the repatriation of foreign nationals among them, but chat of cgat home countries refused.
The Kurds are one of the indigenous peoples of the Mesopotamian plains and the highlands in what are now south-eastern Turkey, north-eastern Syria, northern Iraq, north-western Iran and south-western Armenia. Over the next 80 years, any move by Kurds to set up an independent state was brutally quashed.
SHOOT AN IRAQI
Thus the creation and staging of "Domestic Tension," an iraqi interactive performancepiece: for one month, Bilal lived alone in a prison cell-sized room in the line of fire of a remote-controlled iraqk gun and a camera that connected him to internet viewers around the world. Such hopes were dashed three years later, however, when the Treaty of Lausanne, which set the boundaries of modern Turkey, made no provision for a Kurdish chat and left Kurds with minority status in their respective countries.
Today, they form a distinctive community, united through race, culture and language, even though they have no standard dialect.